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案例分析:新疆XXX公司与新疆XXX院
建设工程设计合同纠纷案
 
发布时间: 2014-05-22 [特大 ]

    2008年8月,新疆XXX院(以下简称研究院)与新疆XXX公司(以下简称新疆公司)就乌鲁木齐市XXX小区签订了建设工程设计合同。
On August of 2008, Xinjiang XXX Institute (hereinafter to be referred as Insitute) and Xinjiang XXX corp. (hereinafter to be referred as Xinjiang Company) signed the engineering design contract for XXX community in Wu Lumuqi City. 
1、合同签订情况
Contract signing
 
    第五条约定“本合同设计收费估算为180万元,具体支付进度如下:
付费次序          占总设计费%        付费额          付费时间
(万元)                          

第一次付费         20%定金             36         本合同签订后三日内
第二次付费         20%                 36         全套图纸出完
第三次付费         30%                 54         图纸审验合格
第四次付费         20%                 36         主体验收合格
第五次付费         10%                 18         竣工验收合格
Article five appointed “The estimate charge of the contract is 1.80 million, and payment scheduling is following:
Payment Sequence   % of the total design charge  Amount(10,000Yuan)          Payment time
The First time         20%down payment               36           within three days after signing the contract
Second time             20%                          36                 The whole design completed
Third time              30%                          54                 Design inspection acceptance
Fourth time             20%                          36                 The main project acceptance
Fifth time              10%                          18                 Completion acceptance

   第七条第一款“违约责任约定:在合同履行期间,发包人要求终止或解除合同,设计人未开始设计工作的,不退还发包人已付的定金,已开始设计工作的,发包人应根据设计人已进行的实际工作量,不足一半时,按该阶段设计费的一半支付;超过一半时,按该阶段设计费的全部支付”。
Article 7.1“agreement of breach liability: During the Contract conducting period, the actions of contract's alteration required by the employer, both agree not to refund the down payment if the designer have not start to design. The employer should pay half of the charge when less than half of the work completed; and employer pays entire amount when more than half of the work completed.    
2、合同执行情况如下
Implementation of Contract
 
①2008年9月2日,新疆公司向研究院支付了第一笔36万元(发票内容为预付款)。
The first payment is 360 thousand yuan from Xinjiang Company to the institute on September 2, 2008(the content of invoice is advance payment).
②研究院根据新疆公司提供的设计条件和要求,向新疆公司提供了规划总平面图。经修改完善后,于2009年6月2日,将建筑设计方案报乌鲁木齐市城市规划、建筑、市政技术审查,该部门作出了相应的专家论证技术审查综合意见。
The institute provided the site-plan graph according to the design condition and requirement, and then submitted to the department of city planning, construction and municipal adminstration for technical examination. These departments put forward technical examination opinions approved by professors.
③2009年6月23日,新疆公司方签收了研究院设计的规划总平面图。
Xinjiang Company signed and received the site-plan graph on Jun 23, 2009.
④2009年8月初,新疆公司提出解除合同,并要求退还设计费36万元。
Xinjiang Company brings up to cancel the contract and asked to refund the design charge 360 thousand yuan.
3、判决情况
Contract Judgment
    经乌鲁木齐市天山区法院一审及鲁木齐市中院二审,判处研究院36万元定金不予退还,且新疆公司另行向其支付设计费18万元。
After first instance by Tianshan district court of Wu Lumuqi City and second instance by Wu Lumuqi City Intermediate People's Court, Xinjiang Company was sentenced to pay another 180 thousand yuan as design fee without refunding desposit.
4、分析
Analysis
    研究院之所以能够有效维护自身的合法权,原因如下:
The reasons for the effective protect and defense of the institute’s legitimate power is following.
①签订了“定金”条款,且新疆公司已经支付,使得定金的法定罚则生效。
Both party signed the “Deposit” clause. The legal penalty take effect when Xinjiang company pay the deposit.
②正式解除合同的要求是由新疆公司提出的;
The official termination of contract is raised by Xinjiang Company.
③虽然其提交的规划总平面图仅占全套图纸的3-5%,但因使用了建设部标准合同文本,新疆公司不得不按“不足一半时,按该阶段设计费的一半支付”的规定进行支付。
Although the institute just complete 3-5% of the whole set of graph, Xinjiang company had to pay upon the regulation “The employer should pay half of the charge when less than half of the work completed” as the standard contract by Ministry of Construction is used.

 
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